Aston cum Aughton is a civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham in South YorkshireEngland, with a population of 13,961 according to the 2001 census.

It consists of the villages of Aston and Aughton, along with Swallownest. To the west the parish borders the unparished area of Sheffield. Buildings of interest include the Aston Manor house, the original West family house in Aughton, the historically significant Aston Reading Room, several early farm cottages boasting magnificent period features and a beautiful 12th-century church.